The Phoenix Park is an area of land boasting 707 hectares (1752 acres), and is one of the largest enclosed recreational spaces within any European capital city. The Phoenix Park was established in 1662 by one of Ireland’s most illustrious viceroys, James Butler, Duke of Ormond, on behalf of King Charles II. Conceived as a Royal deer park, it originally included the demesne of Kilmainham Priory south of the River Liffey, but with the building of the Royal Hospital at Kilmainham, which commenced in 1680, The Phoenix Park was reduced to its present size, all of which is now north of the river. Shortly afterwards, the park’s acquisition it was enclosed within a stone wall, which was initially poorly constructed. Subsequent wall repair and new build were necessary as the park’s size and boundaries were adjusted and realigned. In 1668, Marcus Trevor, Viscount Dungannon, was appointed Ranger who, with two other keepers, was responsible for the deer, managing the Park’s enclosures and newly formed plantations.
About 30% of the Phoenix Park is covered by trees, which are mainly broadleaf parkland species such as oak, ash, lime, beech, sycamore and horsechestnut. A more ornamental selection of trees is grown in the various enclosures. A herd of Fallow Deer has lived in the Park since the 1660′s when they were introduced by the Duke of Ormond. The Phoenix Park is a sanctuary for many mammals and birds and a wide range of wildlife habitats are to be found in the park.
On the note of The Phoenix Park in Dublin acting as a live music venue – it can facilitate over 90,000 people within restriction, and has seen the likes of Red Hot Chili Peppers and Robbie Williams headlining the outdoor venue at this capacity. It has also previously played host to Ian Brown, Tom Waits and Coldplay to name but a few. 2012 sees The Phoenix Park pick up momentum again for music lovers nationwide, as the legendary Stone Roses confirmed a headline show at the venue, scheduled for July 5th 2012.
Why not pay a visit?
Address: Dublin 8.
Ph: +353 1 820 5800 / 820 3500 or 821 3021